Like many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Ethiopia is a country of diverse cultures, traditions and histories.

In spite of its ancient civilizations and being the only country in the continent that was not colonized as well as one of the oldest territorial integral nation in the world, Ethiopia today is one of the least developed countries with low development indicators. Besides, the country is now the second-most populous nation in Africa, with an estimated population of 110 million.

The country struggles with persistently high mortality due to access to health services. Easy access to health services is limited, particularly for the large proportion of people living in rural areas. Expanding access to health services in order to sustain social and economic gains will require strengthening the country’s health infrastructure. However, there is a wide gap in terms of quality infrastructure provisions.

The recent economic growth and advances in education, health, and poverty reduction have contributed to the overall improvement in the health of Ethiopians. But the country’s population is rising at an increasing rate. This further undermines the gains achieved so far in the sector.

Importantly, Ethiopia has taken critical steps in policy and programs to improve the country’s health status. Over the recent three years, the country has made notable progress in education, health, and other key areas to pave a way to alleviate poverty and to improve the living standard of the people. Yet, continued high population growth, drought, and internal conflict exert pressure on the country’s resources and erodes its capacity to provide essential health services. This shows us that relevant, helpful, and supportive activities are expected of all stakeholders as well as from private and public partners of the sector.

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